Published May 17, 2018 by

AWS Basic Architecture

This is the basic structure of AWS EC2, where EC2 stands for Elastic Compute Cloud. EC2 allows users to use virtual machines of different configurations as per their requirement. It allows various configuration options, mapping of an individual server, various pricing options, etc. We will discuss these in detail in AWS Products section. Following is the diagrammatic representation of the architecture.

S3 allows the users to store and retrieve various types of data using API calls. It doesn’t contain any computing element.

Load Balancing

Load balancing simply means to hardware or software load over web servers, that improver's the efficiency of the server as well as the application. Following is the diagrammatic representation of AWS architecture with load balancing. Hardware load balancer is a very common network appliance used in traditional web application architectures.AWS provides the Elastic Load Balancing service, it distributes the traffic to EC2 instances across multiple available sources and dynamic addition and removal of AWS EC2 host from the load-balancing rotation. Elastic Load Balancing can dynamically grow and shrink the load-balancing capacity to adjust to traffic demands and also support sticky sessions to address more advanced routing needs.

Elastic Load Balancer

It is used to spread the traffic to web servers, which improves performance. AWS provides the Elastic Load Balancing service, in which traffic is distributed to EC2 instances over multiple availability zones, and dynamic addition and removal of AWS EC2 host from the load-balancing rotation. Elastic Load Balancing can dynamically grow and shrink the load-balancing capacity as per the traffic conditions.

Auto Scaling

The difference between AWS cloud architecture and the traditional hosting model is that AWS can dynamically scale the web application fleet on demand to handle changes in traffic.

In the traditional hosting model, traffic forecasting models are generally used to provision hosts ahead of projected traffic. In AWS, instances can be provisioned on the fly according to a set of triggers for scaling the fleet out and back in. AWS Auto Scaling can create capacity groups of servers that can grow or shrink on demand.


It is responsible for content delivery, i.e. used to deliver the website. It may contain dynamic, static, and streaming content using a global network of edge locations. Requests for content at the user's end are automatically routed to the nearest edge location, which improves the performance. AWS Cloud-front is optimized to work with other AWS, like AWS S3 and AWS EC2. It also works fine with any non-AWS origin server and stores the original files in a similar manner. In AWS, there are no contracts or monthly commitments. We pay only for as much or as little content as we deliver through the service.

Security Management

AWS's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) provides a feature called security groups, which is similar to an inbound network firewall, in which we have to specify the protocols, ports, and source IP ranges that are allowed to reach your EC2 instances. Each EC2 instance can be assigned one or more security groups, each of which routes the appropriate traffic to each instance. Security groups can be configured using specific subnets or IP addresses which limits access to EC2 instances.

Elastic Caches

AWS Elastic Cache is a web service that manages the memory cache in the cloud. In memory management, A cache has a very important role and helps to reduce the load on the services, improves the performance and scalability on the database tier by caching frequently used information.


AWS RDS (Relational Database Service) provides a similar access to that of MySQL, Oracle, or Microsoft SQL Server database engine. The same queries, applications, and tools can be used with AWS RDS. It automatically patches the database software and manages backups as per the user’s instruction. It also supports point-in-time recovery. There are no up-front investments required, and we pay only for the resources we use.


AWS RDS allows users to install RDBMS (Relational Database Management System) of
your choice like MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, etc. on an EC2 instance and can manage as required. AWS EC2 uses AWS EBS (Elastic Block Storage) similar to network-attached storage. All data and logs running on EC2 instances should be placed on AWS EBS volumes, which will be available even if the database host fails. AWS EBS volumes automatically provide redundancy within the availability zone, which increases the availability of simple disks. Further, if the volume is not sufficient for our databases needs, a volume can be added to increase the performance of our database.

Using AWS RDS, the service provider manages the storage and we only focus on managing the data.

Storage and Backups

AWS cloud provides various options for storing, accessing, and backing up web application data and assets. The AWS S3 (Simple Storage Service) provides a simple web-services interface that can be used to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web.

AWS S3 stores data as objects within resources called buckets. The user can store as many objects as per requirement within the bucket and can read, write and delete objects from the bucket.

AWS EBS is effective for data that needs to be accessed as block storage and requires persistence beyond the life of the running instance, such as database partitions and application logs.

AWS EBS volumes can be maximized up to 1 TB, and these volumes can be striped for larger volumes and increased performance. Provisioned IOPS volumes are designed to meet the needs of database workloads that are sensitive to storage performance and consistency.

AWS EBS currently supports up to 1,000 IOPS per volume. We can stripe multiple volumes together to deliver thousands of IOPS per instance to an application.

No Physical Network Devices Need

In AWS, network devices like firewalls, routers, and load-balancers for AWS applications no longer reside on physical devices and are replaced with software solutions.

Multiple options are available to ensure quality software solutions. For load balancing choose Zeus, HAProxy, Nginx, Pound, etc. For establishing a VPN connection choose OpenVPN, OpenSwan, Vyatta, etc.

No Security Concerns

AWS provides a more secure model, in which every host is locked down. In AWS EC2, security groups are designed for each type of host in the architecture, and a large variety of simple and tiered security models can be created to enable minimum access among hosts within your architecture as per requirement.

Data Centers

EC2 instances are easily available at most of the availability zones in AWS region and provide a model for deploying your application across data centers for both high availability and reliability.